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Case 1 Edit

For the following commonly used Malayalam Chillus, removal of ZWJ could produce undesired rendering.

Chillu forming consonant
Example word with Chillu Form ണ്‍തരി അവന്‍ ല്‍ഘാടനം ള്‍ക്കുരങ്ങ് ഞായര്‍
Undesired rendering by removing ZWJ ണ്‌തരി അവന് ല്ഘാടനം ള്ക്കുരങ്ങ് ഞായര്

Case 2 Edit

Simillarly, removal of ZWNJ would produce undesired rendering when common semivowel signs should not be used.

Valid word ദേശ്‌രാഗം പ്രാഗ്‌യന്ത്രം ഹൌസ്‌വാമിംഗ്
Undesired rendering by removing ZWNJ ദേശ്രാഗം പ്രാഗ്യന്ത്രം ഹൌസ്വാമിംഗ്

Similar to the semivowel signs common conjuncts found in both modern and traditional scripts are also should be considered.

Valid word പാക്‌കരാര്‍ അറബ്‌ബസാര്‍ പേയിങ്‌കൌണ്ടര്‍ ദൃ‌ക്‌സാക്ഷി
Undesired rendering by removing ZWNJ പാക്കരാര്‍ അറബ്ബസാര്‍ പേയിങ്കൌണ്ടര്‍ ദൃ‌ക്സാക്ഷി

All the examples above are combining words. In contrast to rest of the Indic languages, in Malayalam, space is not mandatory between a noun and its adjective noun as evident in the scan.

Malayalam Segmentation evidence

Malayalam Grammar is written in Keralapanineeyam (DCB edition) with and without space between component words

Case 3 Edit

In many cases, removing ZWJ and/or ZWNJ, will make a difference depending on the font used.

ZWJ ZWNJ
Word in traditional font ദൃക്‍സാക്ഷി ജോസ്‌തോമസ്
Undesired rendring in traditional font with joiner removed ദൃക്സാക്ഷി ജോസ്തോമസ്
Word in modern font without joiner ദൃക്‌സാക്ഷി ജോസ്‌തോമസ്

Case 4 Edit

In many other cases, irrespective of the font used, adding or removing a joiner would not make a difference in the rendering.

Word without any joiner ത്
Word with ZWJ or ZWNJ added at the end ത്

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