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C

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C is the third letter of the latin alphabet. It is encoded in unicode as Latin Capital Letter C, U+0043 (C) and Latin Small Letter C, U+0063 (c).

Appearance Edit

The latin letter c is identical to the Cyrillic Capital Letter Es, U+0421 (С) and Cyrillic Small Letter Es, U+0441 (с), as well as the Greek Capital Lunate Sigma Symbol, U+03F9 (Ϲ) and Greek Lunate Sigma Symbol, U+03F2 (ϲ). The Roman Numeral One Hundred, U+216D (Ⅽ) and U+217D (ⅽ) is also identical, because it is derived from the letter c.

The capital letter is also identical to Cherokee Letter Tli, U+13DF (Ꮯ).

Usage Edit

It is used by many languages, that use the latin alphabet, but some only use it in loan words. In German, for example, it is only used in the digraph ch and the trigraph sch, and only appears alone in loan words.

In the International Phonetic Alphabet, a lower case c stands for a voiceless palatal plosive.

Diacritics, ligatures and derivations Edit

A c can take quite a few diacritics. Here are some of them.

Above the letter:

Diacritic Capital Unicode point Lower case Unicode point Usage
Dot Ċ U+010A ċ U+010B e.g. Maltese
Acute (´) Ć U+0106 ć U+0107 e.g. Polish
Circumflex (^) Ĉ U+0108 ĉ U+0109 Esperanto
Caron (ˇ) Č U+010C č U+010D e.g. Czech

Through the letter or as part of the letter:

Diacritic Capital Unicode point Lower case Unicode point Usage
Cedilla (¸) Ç U+00C7 ç U+00E7 e.g. French
Slash (/) Ȼ U+023B ȼ U+023C e.g. Saanich
Bar (-) U+A792 U+A793 ?
Hook Ƈ U+0187 ƈ U+0188 e.g. Serer
Palatal hook U+A794 Phonetics?
Curl ɕ U+0255 IPA

Ligatures:

Diacritics Capital Unicode point Lower case Unicode point Usage
TC with curl ligature ʨ U+02A8 IPA

Combinations:

Diacritics Capital Unicode point Lower case Unicode point Usage
Cedilla and acute U+1E08 U+1E09 ?

Derived letters:

Variation Capital Unicode point Lower case Unicode point Usage
Roman numeral U+216D U+217D Roman numerals, e.g. lists or page numbers
Roman numeral reversed (or antisigma) U+2183 U+2184 Roman numerals, e.g. lists or page numbers
Small capital U+1D04 Phonetics?
Turned (or open O) Ɔ U+0186 ɔ U+0254 e.g. IPA
Con U+A76E U+A76F Scribal abbreviations
Stretched ʗ U+0297 Phonetics

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